Kidney transplantation is donewith a kidney obtained from a cadaver or live donors. In our country, it is more commonly realized with a kidney obtained from a relative of the patient. The operation to obtain a kidney from a live donor is performed via closed(laparoscopic) or open surgical methods.
The kidney obtained from the donor is implanted through an incision made to the inguinal area of the recipient. Arteries and veins in the inguinal area are identified and prepared. The arteries and veins of the kidney are sutured to these, allowing blood flow to the kidney. The procedure is concluded by connecting the ureter to the bladder.